? DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cardiac hypertrophy is the primary compensatory response of the heart to chronic stress. Accordingly, left ventricular hypertrophy is a major risk factor for the development of dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure. The Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase Calcineurin (CaN) is a key signaling protein regulating pathological remodeling, and manipulation of CaN activity has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy. However, classical inhibitors of CaN are immunosuppressants and have adverse side effects, making this drug option unfeasible for long-term treatment of cardiac disease. We propose that targeting specific microdomains of CaN via disrupting CaN localization will open up new avenues of drug design for the treatment of hypertrophy. In particular, we have shown that the scaffolding protein mAKAP? binds both CaN and its downstream substrate MEF2D, hence creating a microdomain of CaN signaling. Additionally, mAKAP? expression is required in vivo for the induction of pathological remodeling in response to pressure overload. Our central hypothesis states that specific pools of CaN confined to select intracellular compartments such as that organized by mAKAP? provides the molecular basis for both localized activation and definition of substrate. Our three specific aims will test whether mAKAP?-bound CaN is regulated by a perinuclear Ca2+ compartment (Aim 1) that controls MEF2D gene transcription (Aim 2) and that may be selectively targeted for drug therapy for heart failure (Aim 3).
|Effective start/end date||2/1/16 → 1/31/20|
- National Institutes of Health: $403,012.00