AKT/mTOR signaling and regulation of cell cycle in B-cells

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Project Summary/Abstract The capacity of ?-cells to expand in response to insulin resistance is critical to develop type-2 diabetes and ?- cell proliferation is a major component for these adaptive responses. The long-term goal of our previous and proposed studies under this award is to understand the molecular mechanisms that regulate ?-cell mass and function. During the current funding period, we identified mTOR/raptor complex (mTORC1) as a major player in regulating ?-cell mass and insulin secretion. We uncovered the individual contribution of the mTORC1 downstream targets 4E-BP, S6 kinases (S6K) and ULK on the regulation of ?-cell growth, proliferation, survival, insulin processing and secretion. We also discovered a novel mTORC1/4E-BP2/eIF4E/SH2B1 positive feedback loop that increases IRS2 signaling. However, uncertainty remains as to how mTORC1 acting on 4E-BP2, S6K and ULK controls ?-cell mass and insulin secretion. The objective of this application is to build on these observations and determine how mTORC1 regulates ?-cell mass and insulin secretion. We hypothesize that mTORC1 regulates (i) ?-cell mass in a 4E-BP2/SH2B1 and JNK3-dependent manner and (ii) insulin secretion by regulating stages proximal to calcium influx and autophagy mediated process. The specific aims are (1) Establish how 4E-BP2/eIF4E acting on SH2B1 and JNK3 regulates ?-cell mass expansion. (2) Determine how mTORC1 modulates insulin secretion and adaptation to diabetogenic conditions. This proposal will provide important insights into the molecular mechanisms that govern ?-cell mass and insulin secretion by mTORC1. This information can be used to expand drug development opportunities for diabetes.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date8/1/061/31/22

Funding

  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $446,573.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $56,537.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $49,833.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $98,808.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $273,045.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $341,668.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $341,668.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $468,853.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $261,611.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $218,367.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $239,736.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $267,584.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $282,125.00
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: $329,709.00

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